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J Synchrotron Radiat. 2008 Sep;15(Pt 5):489-94. doi: 10.1107/S0909049508016919. Epub 2008 Jul 22.

A high-temperature furnace for in situ synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy under controlled atmospheric conditions.

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European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, France.


A high-temperature furnace with an induction heater coil has been designed and constructed for in situ X-ray spectroscopic experiments under controlled atmospheric conditions and temperatures up to 3275 K. The multi-purpose chamber design allows working in backscattering and normal fluorescence mode for synchrotron X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. The use of the furnace is demonstrated in a study of the in situ formation of Cr oxide between 1823 K and 2023 K at logPO(2) values between -10.0 and -11.3 using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy. The set-up is of particular interest for studying liquid metals, alloys and other electrically conductive materials under extreme conditions.


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