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Microbes Infect. 2008 Oct;10(12-13):1316-24. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2008.07.030. Epub 2008 Aug 5.

Dendritic cells from C57BL/6 mice undergo activation and induce Th1-effector cell responses against Campylobacter jejuni.

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Comparative Enteric Diseases Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.


Food-borne Campylobacter jejuni (Cj) is an important cause of enteritis. We showed that C57BL/6 and congenic interleukin (IL)-10(-/-) mice serve as models of Cj colonization and enteritis, respectively. Thus, C57BL/6 mice are resistant to Cj induced disease. Because dendritic cells (DCs) are central to regulating adaptive immune responses, we investigated the interaction of Cj with murine bone marrow-derived DCs (BM-DCs) to assess bacterial killing, DC activation, and the ability of Cj-infected BM-DCs to stimulate Campylobacter-specific T cell responses in vitro. BM-DCs challenged with Cj efficiently internalized and killed Cj 11168 and significantly upregulated surface MHC-II, CD40, CD80 and CD86 demonstrating a mature phenotype. Infected BM-DCs secreted significant amounts of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-6 and IL-12p70. Formalin-killed Cj also induced maturation of BM-DCs with similar cytokine production but at a significantly lower magnitude than live bacteria. Maximal activation of murine BM-DCs required internalization of Cj; attachment alone was not sufficient to elicit significant responses. Also, various strains of Cj elicited different magnitudes of cytokine production from BM-DCs. Finally, in a coculture system, Cj-infected BM-DCs induced high level interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) production from CD4+T cells indicating Th1 polarization. Thus, DCs from resistant C57BL/6 mice initiate T cell responses against Cj.

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