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Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Nov;111(2 Suppl):S116-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.07.021. Epub 2008 Aug 23.

A less radical treatment option to the fertility-sparing radical trachelectomy in patients with stage I cervical cancer.

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Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University Prague, 2nd Medical Faculty, Prague, Czech Republic.


The purpose of the two pilot studies was to determine the feasibility and safety of using less-radical fertility-preserving surgery: laparoscopic lymphadenectomy with sentinel lymph node identification (SLNI) followed by a large cone or simple trachelectomy (LAP-I protocol) and the LAP-III protocol, which includes neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC).


Forty women underwent laparoscopic SLNI, frozen-section analysis, and a complete pelvic lymphadenectomy as the first step of treatment. Seven days after final histopathological processing of dissected nodes, a large cone or simple vaginal trachelectomy was performed in patients with negative nodes. Nine women had a tumor larger than 20 mm, prompting the administration of three cycles of NAC before surgery.


Six frozen sections were positive (15%). In these cases, a type III Wertheim was immediately performed. There were no false-negative SLNs. There was one central recurrence, but after chemoradiation therapy, there was no evidence of the disease 62 months post-treatment. Twenty-four of 32 women whose reproductive ability had been maintained tried to conceive. Of these 24 women, 17 became pregnant (71% pregnancy rate). Eleven mothers gave birth to 12 children (1 at 24 weeks, 1 at 34 weeks, 1 at 36 weeks, and 9 between 37 and 39 weeks).


Nine patients were included. In 7 of these 9 women, reproductive ability was maintained, with 3 women becoming pregnant (1 full term and 2 ongoing). SLNI improves safety in fertility-sparing surgery. Large cone or simple trachelectomy combined with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy can be a feasible method that yields a high, successful pregnancy rate. NAC followed by fertility-sparing surgery is an experimental alternative treatment for larger tumors.

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