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J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Sep;35(8 Suppl):286-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01274.x.

Definition and prevalence of peri-implant diseases.

Author information

1
Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology and Cariology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. N.Zitzmann@unibas.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the current review was to describe the prevalence of peri-implant diseases including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A MEDLINE search (PubMed) until December 2007 was conducted and different keywords related to the prevalence of peri-implant diseases were used. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies including > or =50 implant-treated subjects exhibiting a function time of > or =5 years were considered.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on the prevalence of peri-implant diseases. Cross-sectional studies on implant-treated subjects are rare and data from only two study samples were available. Peri-implant mucositis occurred in approximately 80% of the subjects and in 50% of the implants. Peri-implantitis was found in 28% and > or =56% of subjects and in 12% and 43% of implant sites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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