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Anal Biochem. 1991 Mar 2;193(2):191-6.

[1-14C]oleate-labeled autoclaved yeast: a membranous substrate for measuring phospholipase A2 activity in vitro.

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Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0614.


Radiolabeled, autoclaved yeast were tested as a substrate for mammalian phospholipase A2 activity because the only other membranous substrate used for this purpose, autoclaved Escherichia coli, totally lacks a major mammalian phospholipid, phosphatidylcholine. Candida albicans were grown in the presence of [1-14C]oleate and then autoclaved. Sixty three percent of the incorporated label was in yeast phospholipid, and more than 95% of that was in the 2-acyl position. The distribution of label in the yeast phospholipids (phosphatidylcholine and -ethanolamine, -serine + -inositol, and phosphatidic acid corresponded closely to the chemical distribution of phosphorus in those phospholipids. Snake venom (Naja naja) and human synovial fluid phospholipase A2 hydrolyzed yeast phospholipid exclusively to release 14C-labeled fatty acid. When 50-60% of the yeast phospholipid was hydrolyzed, the radioactive fatty acids as determined by gas-liquid chromatographic analysis were predominantly oleate (45%) and linoleate (greater than 54%). Hydrolysis of yeast phospholipid by both enzymes was near-linear with protein and time under conditions of optimal pH (neutral-alkaline) and Ca2- (1-5 mM) previously reported for optimal hydrolysis of autoclaved E. coli phospholipid. N. naja phospholipase A2 showed less preference for phosphatidylethanolamine than -choline as liposomes or yeast phospholipid as compared to human synovial fluid phospholipase A2 which clearly preferred phosphatidylethanolamine to -choline as a liposome or yeast phospholipid. These results illustrate that radiolabeled phospholipids of autoclaved yeast, enriched in phosphatidylcholine, are readily hydrolyzed by snake venom and human nonpancreatic phospholipases A2 and may, therefore, be useful in the measurement of in vitro enzymatic activity.

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