Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Physiol. 1991 Aug;261(2 Pt 1):C319-31.

Sodium transport and intracellular sodium activity in cultured human nasal epithelium.

Author information

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27514.


Human airway epithelia are predominantly Na(+)-absorbing epithelia. To investigate the mechanisms for Na+ absorption across airway epithelia, the driving forces and paths for Na+ translocation across each membrane were examined with double-barreled Na(+)-selective microelectrodes in cultured human nasal epithelium (HNE). Under control conditions, intracellular Na+ activity (acNa) was 23 +/- 1 mM (n = 44 preparations, 393 impalements). Amiloride (10(-4) M) hyperpolarized the apical membrane and increased the fractional apical membrane resistance but did not affect acNa. Exposure to Na(+)-free luminal solution induced bioelectric responses similar to amiloride but also reduced acNa to 8 +/- 1 mM. Reduction of luminal Na+ concentration ([Na+]) in the presence of amiloride also reduced acNa without further changes in bioelectric parameters. Reduction of serosal [Na+] decreased aNac, a response blocked by bumetanide (10(-4) M). Ouabain (10(-4) M, serosal) led to a reduction in equivalent short-circuit current (Ieq) and increase in acNa. We conclude that 1) acNa is higher in HNE than in most mammalian epithelial cells, 2) the apical membrane expresses a conductive Na+ path, and 3) the basolateral membrane transports Na+ via the Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase and a Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransport system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center