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Med Clin North Am. 2008 Sep;92(5):1115-41, x. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2008.04.003.

Breast disease: benign and malignant.

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Population Science, Cancer Health Disparities and Cancer Control, Cancer Research and Treatment Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.


Breast diseases, both benign and malignant, are common. Typically, young women present with more benign pathologies; however, breast malignancies can occur in young women, especially in those harboring mutations in the BRCA genes, other inherited genetic syndromes associated with increased risk of breast cancer, or familial predisposition for breast cancer. In all women aged 40 and over presenting with abnormalities of the breast, a primary breast cancer should be ruled out because it is the leading cancer among women in developed countries.

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