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J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2008 Aug;18(4):611-3. doi: 10.1089/lap.2007.0194.

Laparoscopic partial splenectomy using radiofrequency ablation.

Author information

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Digestive Diseases, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, University Paris V, Paris, France.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Epidermoid cysts are believed to be congenital in origin and often present in the pediatric population. Because of the concerns of compromised immunologic function after total splenectomy and increasing demand for minimally invasive approaches, interest has increased in performing the partial splenectomy in this patient population by laparoscopic techniques. Nonetheless, concerns for adequate hemostasis have limited its widespread adoption. Because radiofrequency ablation for the partial splenectomy has been done in a laparoscopic porcine model with good results, we used this technology with the goal of limiting blood loss and postoperative hemorrhagic complications.

CASE REPORT:

A 25-year-old female presented with complaints of right shoulder pain. Abdominal ultrasound and a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 10-cm cystic lesion of the spleen. Serology was negative for hydatid cyst pathology. The patient underwent an uneventful partial splenectomy by minimally invasive techniques with the aid of a laparoscopic radiofrequency ablative device and the placement of a hemostatic medicated sponge along the line of transection.

RESULTS:

Estimated blood loss was less than 30 mL. Final pathology was consistent with an epidermoid splenic cyst, and the patient was discharged uneventfully on postoperative day 5.

DISCUSSION:

Techniques for the treatment of symptomatic splenic cysts range from total splenectomy to cyst fenestration and placement of the omentum in the splenic defect. The use of radiofrequency ablation has been traditionally used for hepatic parenchymal transection but seems equally suited for the partial splenectomy. This technology, and the addition of hemostatic sponges, seems to provide excellent results in minimizing blood loss, intraoperatively and postoperatively, during the laparoscopic partial splenectomy; however, randomized, prospective trials will be necessary to see if they will be superior to traditional techniques.

PMID:
18721016
DOI:
10.1089/lap.2007.0194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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