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World J Gastroenterol. 2008 Aug 14;14(30):4753-62.

Prevention of hepatotoxicity due to anti tuberculosis treatment: a novel integrative approach.

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Bapalal Vaidya Botanical Research Centre, Department of Biosciences, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, 110, Nehru Nagar Society, Ichchhanath Road, Surat 395007, India.



To evaluate the ability of Curcuma longa (CL) and Tinospora cordifolia (TC) formulation to prevent anti-tuberculosis (TB) treatment (ATT) induced hepatotoxicity.


Patients with active TB diagnosis were randomized to a drug control group and a trial group on drugs plus an herbal formulation. Isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol for first 2 mo followed by continuation phase therapy excluding Pyrazinamide for 4 mo comprised the anti-tuberculous treatment. Curcumin enriched (25%) CL and a hydro-ethanolic extract enriched (50%) TC 1 g each divided in two doses comprised the herbal adjuvant. Hemogram, bilirubin and liver enzymes were tested initially and monthly till the end of study to evaluate the result.


Incidence and severity of hepatotoxicity was significantly lower in trial group (incidence: 27/192 vs 2/316, P<0.0001). Mean aspartate transaminase (AST) (195.93+/-108.74 vs 85+/-4.24, P<0.0001), alanine transaminase (ALT) (75.74+/-26.54 vs 41+/-1.41, P<0.0001) and serum bilirubin (5.4+/-3.38 vs 1.5+/-0.42, P<0.0001). A lesser sputum positivity ratio at the end of 4 wk (10/67 vs 4/137, P=0.0068) and decreased incidence of poorly resolved parenchymal lesion at the end of the treatment (9/152 vs 2/278, P=0.0037) was observed. Improved patient compliance was indicated by nil drop-out in trial vs 10/192 in control group (P<0.0001).


The herbal formulation prevented hepatotoxicity significantly and improved the disease outcome as well as patient compliance without any toxicity or side effects.

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