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Anaesthesia. 2008 Oct;63(10):1096-104. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2008.05576.x. Epub 2008 Aug 20.

The Heidelberg Peri-anaesthetic Questionnaire--development of a new refined psychometric questionnaire.

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Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Heidelberg, Heidbelberg, Germany.


We have developed a questionnaire to assess patients' peri-anaesthetic satisfaction. We recruited 1398 patients and 59 health care professionals for construction and validation. Relevant items were rated for preferences. The resulting questions underwent a cognitive and a standard pretest. The resultant Heidelberg Peri-anaesthetic Questionnaire consists of 38 questions about five identified themes: trust and atmosphere; fear; discomfort; treatment by personnel; and information and waiting. Internal consistency was demonstrated for the sum score (Cronbach's alpha = 0.79) and the five factors (Cronbach's alpha = 0.42-0.79). Multivariate analysis found significant influences of age, school education, marital status and duration of anaesthesia. Dissatisfied patients had a median (IQR [range]) of 73% (66-76% [35-83]), and satisfied patients 92% (90-94% [88-100]) of the sum score. The Heidelberg Peri-anaesthetic Questionnaire offers a valid and reliable way to identify dissatisfied patients and generate quality improvement and also has use as a benchmark tool.

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