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Evaluation of peri-implant bone loss around platform-switched implants.

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Dental School, University G. d'Annunzio, Chieti, Italy.


This clinical and radiographic prospective study evaluated bone loss around two-piece implants that were restored according to the platform-switching protocol. One hundred thirty-one implants were consecutively placed in 45 patients following a nonsubmerged surgical protocol. On 75 implants, a healing abutment 1 mm narrower than the implant platform was placed at the time of surgery. On the remaining implants, a healing abutment of the same diameter as the implant was inserted. All implants were positioned at the crestal level. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed prior to surgery, at the end of surgery, 8 weeks after implant placement, at the time of provisional prosthesis insertion, at the time of definitive prosthesis insertion, and 12 months after loading. The data collected showed that vertical bone loss for the test cases varied between 0.6 mm and 1.2 mm (mean: 0.95 +/- 0.32 mm), while for the control cases, bone loss was between 1.3 mm and 2.1 mm (mean: 1.67 +/- 0.37 mm). These data confirm the important role of the microgap between the implant and abutment in the remodeling of the peri-implant crestal bone. Platform switching seems to reduce peri-implant crestal bone resorption and increase the long-term predictability of implant therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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