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J Integr Plant Biol. 2008 Jun;50(6):717-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00651.x.

Steroids from the roots of Asparagus officinalis and their cytotoxic activity.

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Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China.


One new (Sarsasapogenin O) and seven known steroids were isolated from the roots of Asparagus officinalis L. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including various 2D-NMR techniques, hydrolysis, and by comparison of spectral data of known compounds. These compounds together with nine steroids which were previously isolated from this plant, were tested for cytotoxic activity. Among them, eight compounds displayed significant cytotoxicities against human A2780, HO-8910, Eca-109, MGC-803, CNE, LTEP-a-2, KB and mouse L1210 tumor cells.

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