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J Cell Biochem. 2008 Oct 15;105(3):835-46. doi: 10.1002/jcb.21879.

Perturbation of the chromosomal binding of RCC1, Mad2 and survivin causes spindle assembly defects and mitotic catastrophe.

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  • 1Division of Molecular and Cell Biology, School of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637551, Singapore.


Mitotic catastrophe is a form of cell death that results from aberrant mitosis. Currently, the mechanisms involved in this form of cell death remain poorly understood. We found that actinomycin D induces mitotic catastrophe with severe spindle assembly defects. We have studied the nature of three groups of chromosome binding proteins in mitotic cells treated with actinomycin D. We found that actinomycin D reduced the binding affinity of RCC1 to the mitotic chromosome, which led to a reduction of RanGTP level. In addition, Mad2 was not concentrated at the kinetochores, indicating that the mitotic spindle checkpoint was affected. Furthermore, the localization of survivin was altered in cells. These data suggested that chromosomal binding of the mitotic regulators such as RCC1, Mad2 and survivin is essential for mitotic progression. Mitotic chromosomes not only carry the genetic material needed for the newly synthesized daughter cells, but also serve as docking sites for some of the mitotic regulators. Perturbation of their binding to the mitotic chromosome by actinomycin D could affect their functions in regulating mitotic progression thus leading to severe spindle defects and mitotic catastrophe.

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