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Hypertens Res. 2008 May;31(5):921-9. doi: 10.1291/hypres.31.921.

Comparison of the effects of telmisartan and olmesartan on home blood pressure, glucose, and lipid profiles in patients with hypertension, chronic heart failure, and metabolic syndrome.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Division, Osaka Minami Medical Center, National Hospital Organization, Kawachinagano, Japan. st8606@ommc-hp.jp

Abstract

We compared the effects of telmisartan and olmesartan in 20 patients with chronic heart failure and metabolic syndrome. The subjects underwent once-daily 40 mg telmisartan for at least 3 months before switching to once-daily 20 mg olmesartan for the next 3 months (post 1). They were then treated with 3 months of once-daily 40 mg telmisartan (post 2). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the early morning, plasma B-type natriuretic peptide, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were increased at post 1 (p < 0.005, p < 0.05, p < 0.05, p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p < 0.005 vs. baseline, respectively) before returning to their baseline values at post 2. The changes in plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels correlated significantly with the shifts in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the early morning at posts 1 and 2. Meanwhile, there were no fluctuations in either blood pressure in the late evening or in the outpatient room; nor were there fluctuations in heart rate. Simultaneously, neither serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol nor fasting blood sugar levels differed significantly between posts. Moreover, telmisartan had more beneficial effects on glucose and lipid profiles in patients with relatively high HbA1c, serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. Therefore, we concluded that telmisartan was more beneficial than olmesartan for controlling blood pressure in the early morning, as well as for improving glucose and lipid profiles in patients with hypertension, chronic heart failure, and metabolic syndrome.

PMID:
18712048
DOI:
10.1291/hypres.31.921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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