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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Apr;70(4):569-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03374.x. Epub 2008 Aug 15.

Effect of exercise training on A-FABP, lipocalin-2 and RBP4 levels in obese women.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Lipocalin family proteins, including adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP), lipocalin-2 and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), have recently been identified as novel adipokines associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. We have evaluated the effect of exercise training on lipocalin family proteins and inflammatory markers.

STUDY SUBJECTS:

Thirty obese Korean women and 15 age-matched nonobese control subjects were studied.

DESIGN:

Concentrations of the lipocalin family proteins were compared between obese and nonobese women and were evaluated before and 3 months after an exercise programme consisting of aerobic exercise (45 min/session, 300 kcal/day) and muscle strength training (20 min/session, 100 kcal/day) five times a week.

RESULTS:

Obese women exhibited higher A-FABP levels compared to nonobese women (21.4 +/- 6.4 microg/l vs. 13.6 +/- 4.4 microg/l, P < 0.001). However, neither lipocalin-2 nor RBP4 levels were significantly different between the two groups, although the difference in lipocalin-2 was marginally significant (P = 0.054). Circulating A-FABP levels were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglyceride, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lipocalin-2 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels. After 3 months of the exercise training programme, serum A-FABP levels decreased significantly from 21.4 +/- 6.4 microg/l to 19.3 +/- 6.8 microg/l (P = 0.038), along with a reduction in weight, BMI, waist circumference, fasting glucose and total cholesterol levels. There was no significant change in the lipocalin-2 and RBP4 levels, although IL-6 levels increased after the exercise programme.

CONCLUSION:

Exercise training with weight loss induced a significant reduction in circulating A-FABP levels in obese Korean women.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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