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J Infect Chemother. 2008 Aug;14(4):319-24. doi: 10.1007/s10156-008-0618-z. Epub 2008 Aug 17.

Disseminated cryptococcal infection with eosinophilia in a healthy person.

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Department of Respiratory Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Yokohama-city Seibu Hospital, 1197-1 Yasashi-cho, Asahi-ku, Yokohama 241-0811, Japan.


A 23-year-old man with no recent medical history was hospitalized complaining of high fever and cough. In addition to very marked eosinophilia, chest X-ray revealed extensive bronchovascular bundle thickening. Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) showed moderate eosinophil infiltration. Cryptococcus neoformans infection was diagnosed, based on blood culture, cerebrospinal fluid culture, urine culture, and lung biopsy specimens. The eosinophilia was successfully alleviated by treatment for cryptococcal meningitis. Furthermore, cryptococcal sepsis resolved with amphotericin B and 5-flucytosine treatment. Eosinophilia commonly occurs following chronic Aspergillus infection, but the present case suggests the involvement of Cryptococcus in another mechanism for eosinophilia.

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