Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Aug;17(8):1896-901. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0356.

Hemoglobin adducts of benzene oxide in neonatal and adult dried blood spots.

Author information

  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Health, University of California at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.


Adducts of reactive chemicals with hemoglobin (Hb) or human serum albumin can be used as biomarkers of internal doses of carcinogens. Because dried blood spots are easier to collect and store than conventional venous blood samples, they encourage applications of biomarkers of exposure in large epidemiologic studies. In addition, neonatal dried blood spot can be used to investigate chemical exposures in utero. Here, we report a simple method to isolate Hb from dried blood spot with high recovery and purity using the addition of ethanol to aqueous dried blood spot extracts. To prove the concept that dried blood spot-derived proteins can be used to assay for adducts, we measured Hb adducts of benzene oxide, a reactive metabolite of the ubiquitous air pollutant benzene in nine neonatal and nine adult dried blood spots (from volunteer subjects), using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method that we had previously developed. For comparison, benzene oxide-Hb adducts were measured in the same nine adult subjects using Hb that had been isolated and purified using our conventional method for venous blood. The geometric mean of benzene oxide-Hb levels in all dried blood spot samples ranged from 27.7 to 33.1 pmol/g globin. Neither of the comparisons of mean (logged) benzene oxide-Hb levels between sources (adult conventional versus adult dried blood spot and adult dried blood spot versus newborn dried blood spot) showed a significant difference. Based upon the estimated variance of the benzene oxide-Hb levels, we had 80% power to detect a 1.7-fold difference in geometric mean levels of benzene oxide-Hb in our sample of nine subjects.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center