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Med J Malaysia. 2007 Dec;62(5):375-9.

Prevalence of undetected cognitive impairment and depression in residents of an elderly care home.

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1
Faculty of Medicine, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology, No.2, Persiaran Cempaka, Amanjaya, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah Darul Aman.

Abstract

The elderly population in Malaysia is growing rapidly. Some of the most vulnerable are in residential care. Research is needed into the characteristics of this population to aid clinicians and policy makers in addressing the needs of this group. This observational, cross-sectional study aims to determine prevalence of undetected cognitive impairment and depression in elderly care home residents in Malaysia. One hundred and sixty-seven people over 60 years of age living in a state run residential home were interviewed. Validated assessment tools were used to measure dependency, cognitive impairment and depression. The prevalence of probable dementia is 36.5%, with increasing prevalence with age and level of dependence. Prevalence of depression is 67.0% (major depression 13.2%), with more depression in males and in the Indian population. None of the identified cases had been previously investigated or treated for dementia or depression.

PMID:
18705469
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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