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Am J Public Health. 2008 Oct;98(10):1894-901. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.128207. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Smoking cessation intervention for female prisoners: addressing an urgent public health need.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Substance Abuse Center, 401 Beacon Parkway West, Birmingham, AL 35209, USA. kcropsey@beapsy1.his.uab.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We tested the efficacy of a combined pharmacologic and behavioral smoking cessation intervention among women in a state prison in the southern United States.

METHODS:

The study design was a randomized controlled trial with a 6-month waitlist control group. The intervention was a 10-week group intervention combined with nicotine replacement therapy. Two hundred and fifty participants received the intervention, and 289 were in the control group. Assessments occurred at baseline; end of treatment; 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment; and at weekly sessions for participants in the intervention group.

RESULTS:

The intervention was efficacious compared with the waitlist control group. Point prevalence quit rates for the intervention group were 18% at end of treatment, 17% at 3-month follow-up, 14% at 6-month follow-up, and 12% at 12-month follow-up, quit rates that are consistent with outcomes from community smoking-cessation interventions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Female prisoners are interested in smoking cessation interventions and achieved point-prevalence quit rates similar to community samples. Augmenting tobacco control policies in prison with smoking cessation interventions has the potential to address a significant public health need.

PMID:
18703440
PMCID:
PMC2636452
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2007.128207
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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