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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Mar;41(3):578-85. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2008.07.006. Epub 2008 Jul 25.

Vitronectin inhibits plasminogen activator inhibitor-1-induced signalling and chemotaxis by blocking plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 binding to the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein.

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Department of Cell Biology, Division of Vascular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


We have previously reported that the serpin plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activates the Janus kinase (Jak)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) signalling pathway and stimulates cell migration by binding to the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein. All the free forms (cleaved, latent or active) of this inhibitor were shown to be motogenic. However, the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 can also interact with vitronectin which acts as a cofactor by increasing the half-life of the active form of the serpin. Since vitronectin influences most of the biological functions of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, we explored the effects of vitronectin on signalling and cell migration induced by this serpin. We found that the interaction between vitronectin and the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 suppressed signalling and cell migration. In fact, a purified vitronectin(1-97)/plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 complex was not chemotactic. Vitronectin interaction with the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 blocks the binding of this serpin to its motogenic receptor, the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein. Consequently, vitronectin inhibits the activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription signalling pathway by the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and subsequent cell migration. In conclusion, we have unveiled a new inhibitory role of vitronectin, which turns off the intracellular signalling and migration-promoting activity of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Thus, the motogenic (cleaved, latent or active) and non-motogenic (in complex with vitronectin) forms of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 have different properties that may explain the rather contrasting physiological and pathological roles of this serpin.

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