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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008 Oct;287(1):113-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2008.01303.x. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Agmatine is essential for the cell growth of Thermococcus kodakaraensis.

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Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kwansei-Gakuin University, Sanda, Hyogo, Japan.


TK0149 (designated as Tk-PdaD) of a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus kodakaraensis, was annotated as pyruvoyl-dependent arginine decarboxylase, which catalyzes agmatine formation by the decarboxylation of arginine as the first step of polyamine biosynthesis. In order to investigate its physiological roles, Tk-PdaD was purified as a recombinant form, and its substrate dependency was examined using the candidate compounds arginine, ornithine and lysine. Tk-PdaD, expressed in Escherichia coli, was cleaved into alpha and beta subunits, as other pyruvoyl-dependent enzymes, and the resulting subunits formed an (alphabeta)6 complex. The Tk-PdaD complex catalyzed the decarboxylation of arginine but not that of ornithine and lysine. A gene disruptant lacking Tk-pdaD was constructed, showing that it grew only in the medium in the presence of agmatine but not in the absence of agmatine. The obtained results indicate that Tk-pdaD encodes a pyruvoyl-dependent arginine decarboxylase and that agmatine is essential for the cell growth of T. kodakaraensis.

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