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Plant Cell Physiol. 2008 Sep;49(9):1263-71. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcn116. Epub 2008 Aug 12.

Transcriptional regulation of storage protein synthesis during dicotyledon seed filling.

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Unité Mixte de Recherche en Génétique et Ecophysiologie des Légumineuses à Graines (UMR-LEG), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), BP 86510, F-21065 Dijon, France.


Seeds represent a major source of nutrients for human and animal livestock diets. The nutritive value of seeds is largely due to storage products which accumulate during a key phase of seed development, seed filling. In recent years, our understanding of the mechanisms regulating seed filling has advanced significantly due to the diversity of experimental approaches used. This review summarizes recent findings related to transcription factors that regulate seed storage protein accumulation. A framework for the regulation of storage protein synthesis is established which incorporates the events before, during and after seed storage protein synthesis. The transcriptional control of storage protein synthesis is accompanied by physiological and environmental controls, notably through the action of plant hormones and other intermediary metabolites. Finally, recent post-genomics analyses on different model plants have established the existence of a conserved seed filling process involving the master regulators (LEC1, LEC2, ABI3 and FUS3) but also revealed certain differences in fine regulation between plant families.

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