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J Chromatogr A. 2008 Sep 12;1204(1):48-55. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.07.077. Epub 2008 Jul 31.

Analysis of hydrophilic metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry using a silica hydride-based stationary phase.

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Department of Chemistry, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA 95192, USA.


A novel silica hydride-based stationary phase was used to evaluate the retention behavior in the aqueous normal-phase (ANP) mode of standards representing three classes of metabolites. The effects on retention behavior of amino acids, carbohydrates and small organic acids were examined by altering the column temperature, and by adding different additives to both the mobile phase and sample solvent. Gradient mode results revealed the repeatability of retention times to be very stable for these compound classes. At both 15 and 30 degrees C, excellent RSD values were obtained with less than 1% variation for over 50 injections of an amino acid mixture. The ability to separate the 19 nonderivatized amino acid standards, organic acids and carbohydrates was demonstrated as well as the potential for this material to separate polar metabolites in complex fluids such as urine.

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