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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2008 May-Jun;12(3):137-48.

Neurofunctional effects in rats prenatally exposed to fluoxetine.

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Department of Pharmacology and Human Physiology, Medical Faculty, University of Bari, Italy.


In the treatment of depression fluoxetine [a selective serotonine reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs)] is a widely used drug in humans. The selectivity, efficacy, side effects and simplicity of dosage contributed to fluoxetine's clinical acceptance. Several psychiatric disorders (many of them responsive to SSRIs) are present during pregnancy; up to 10% of pregnant women fulfill diagnostic criteria for major or minor depression with an even higher percentage developing postpartum depression. Therefore, significant numbers of women may be taking SSRIs while pregnant. Since fluoxetine's safe use during pregnancy is not yet established and experimental studies inconclusive, we performed the present research in order to investigate the neurobehavioral effects produced in rats by prenatal exposure to fluoxetine (5 and 10 mg/kg/sc from day 13 to 20 of gestation) on cognitive functions, emotional reactivity and sexual performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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