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J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Sep 10;56(17):8121-9. doi: 10.1021/jf800859f. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Isolation and characterization of superoxide dismutase from wheat seedlings.

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Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan 402, Republic of China.


Two major superoxide dismutases (SODs; SODs I and II) were found in the crude enzyme extract of wheat seedlings after heat treatment, ammonium sulfate fractionation, anionic exchange chromatography, and gel permeation chromatography. The purification fold for SODs I and II were 154 and 98, and the yields were 11 and 2.4%, respectively. SOD I was further characterized. It was found that SOD I from wheat seedlings is a homodimer, with a subunit molecular mass of 23 kDa. Isoelectric focusing electrophoresis (IEF) and zymogram staining results indicated that the isoelectric point of SOD I is 3.95. It belongs to the MnSOD category due to the fact that it was insensitive to KCN or hydrogen peroxide inhibitor. This MnSOD from wheat seedlings was found to be stable over pH 7-9, with an optimum pH of 8, but was sensitive to extreme pH, particularly to acidic pH. It was stable over a wide range of temperatures (5-50 degrees C). Thermal inactivation of wheat seedling MnSOD followed first-order reaction kinetics, and the temperature dependence of rate constants was in agreement with the Arrhenius equation. The activation energy for thermal inactivation of wheat seedling MnSOD in the temperature range of 50-70 degrees C was found to be 150 kJ/mol. HgCl2 and SDS at a concentration of 1.0 mM significantly inhibited enzyme activity. Chemical modification agents, including diethyl pyrocarbonate (2.5 mM) and Woodward's reagent K (50 mM), significantly inhibited the activity of wheat seedling SOD, implying that imidazole groups from histidine and carboxyl groups from aspartic acid and glutamic acid are probably located at or near the active site of the enzyme.

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