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AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 11:181-5.

Virtual patient model for multi-person virtual medical environments.

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Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.


We describe the architecture of a virtual patient model, the Virtual ED Patient, for scenarios in emergency medicine. The model is rule-based, and uses four vital signs as a representation of its state. The model is used in a multi-person learning environment based on online gaming technology. The efficacy of the model and the Virtual ED learning environment is evaluated in a study where advanced medical students and first year residents manage six trauma cases. Pre and post-test performance results show significant learning, with results comparable to those obtained in human manikin simulators. Some future directions for development of the model are also presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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