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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2008 Dec 15;126(3-4):211-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2008.07.004. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Differential expression of CD5 on B lymphocytes in cattle infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

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USDA-ARS, National Animal Disease Center, Bacterial Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, 2300 Dayton Road, Ames, IA 50010, United States.


CD5 is a cell surface molecule involved in antigen recognition and is present on all T lymphocytes and a subset of B lymphocytes. The purpose of this study was to examine CD5+ expression on peripheral blood B cells from healthy, noninfected cattle and cattle with subclinical and clinical paratuberculosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were freshly isolated or cultured for 7 days in the presence or absence of live Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis), and then analyzed by flow cytometry for CD5 expression within the B cell subpopulation. Analysis demonstrated a significant increase (P<0.01) in B cells in clinical animals as compared to healthy control cows and subclinically infected cows. In addition, three subpopulations within the CD5+ B cell population were identified: CD5dim, CD5bright, and a minor population that was characterized as CD5extra bright. A decrease in the CD5dim B cell population along with a concomitant increase in CD5bright B cells was observed in infected cows, an effect that was highly significant (P<0.01) for subclinically infected cows in cultured PBMC. In vitro infection with live M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis did not affect CD5+ expression patterns on B cells, regardless of animal infection status. Addition of exogenous IL-10 to PBMC cultures resulted in decreased numbers of CD5(bright) B cells for healthy control cows, whereas, a synergistic effect of IL-10 and infection with live M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis resulted in increased CD5bright B cells for subclinically infected cows. These results suggest that differential expression of CD5bright and CD5dim subpopulations on B cells in animals with paratuberculosis may reflect a shift in host immunity during the disease process.

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