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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1991 Aug;50(2):141-9.

Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of ganglioside GM1 after intravenous and intramuscular administration to healthy volunteers.

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Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Klinikum Steglitz Free University of Berlin, Germany.


Ganglioside GM1 multiple-dose pharmacokinetics were investigated in five healthy male volunteers. Doses of 100 mg were administered either intravenously or intramuscularly for 21 days, and the washout was followed-up for a further 21 days. The highly specific binding of the beta-subunit of cholera toxin was used to quantify ganglioside GM1 levels in plasma, urine, and feces. This dose regime increased the ganglioside GM1 steady-state plasma levels two to three orders of magnitude above the endogenous levels of 0.132 mg/L (coefficient of variation, 8.9%). Large and variable amounts of ganglioside GM1 were found in feces before and during treatment without relation to the dosage. No ganglioside GM1 could be detected in urine at any time. Plasma kinetics were linear with a biexponential disposition. Exogenously administered ganglioside GM1 was confined mainly to the blood volume as indicated by a steady-state volume of distribution of 6.98 +/- 3.57 L and appears to be excreted mainly in the form of metabolites. The total clearance was very slow at 1.61 +/- 0.37 ml/min. Absorption after intramuscular administration was slow (time to reach maximum concentration greater than 12 hours) and yielded steady-state concentrations somewhat lower compared with the intravenous infusion.

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