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J Pers Disord. 2008 Aug;22(4):332-52. doi: 10.1521/pedi.2008.22.4.332.

An integrative perspective on psychotherapeutic treatments for borderline personality disorder.

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Department of Clinical Psaychology, Faculty of Societal and Behavioral Sciences, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


Although there is an abundance of literature on the psychotherapeutic treatment of borderline pathology, little is known about differences and similarities between treatments of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Potential differences and similarities are especially important in the absence of evidence of the superiority of one treatment over the other (e.g., Livesley, 2004). This article offers an overview of the theory and practice of contemporary psychotherapeutic treatments of BPD, and delineates similarities and differences between the specific treatments. Results show that similarities concerning (1) the formal characteristics, and (2) the importance of therapeutic techniques in treatments for BPD, outnumber the differences. This article concludes by viewing the similarities and differences from an integrative perspective, and recommendations are given for future work in treating patients with and research on the effectiveness of treatments and treatment techniques for BPD.

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