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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2008 Nov;42(10):659-66. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2008.226. Epub 2008 Aug 4.

Predictors of outcome following myeloablative allo-SCT for therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome and AML.

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The Leukaemia Bone Marrow Transplantation Program of British Columbia, Division of Hematology, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


Administration of alkylating agents (Alk), topoisomerase II inhibitors (Topo II) and radiotherapy (RT) can result in therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myelogenous leukaemia (t-MDS/t-AML), the optimal treatment for which is allo-SCT. A retrospective review was performed of 24 patients who underwent related- or unrelated-donor SCT for t-MDS/t-AML at our institution. Eight patients remain alive and in continuous remission (median follow-up 54 months (range, 12-161)) with estimated 5-year EFS being 30% (95% confidence intervals 16-58%). Corresponding actuarial risks of relapse and non-relapse mortality (NRM) are 39% (19-60%) and 30% (13-50%), respectively. EFS was 40% in Alk/RT-related t-MDS/t-AML and 11% in Topo II-related t-MDS/t-AML (P=0.05), with an increased risk of relapse in the latter (56 vs 29%, respectively (P=0.05)). In multivariate analysis, development of acute GVHD (P=0.009) and Topo II-related t-MDS/t-AML (P=0.018) were associated with inferior EFS. Patients with acute GVHD had an increased risk of NRM (P=0.03) whereas risk of relapse was higher for patients of advanced age (P=0.046) and for patients who underwent bone marrow (vs blood) SCT (P=0.032). Allo-SCT can result in long-term survival for individuals with t-MDS/t-AML although outcome in Topo II-related t-MDS/t-AML patients remains suboptimal.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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