Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
DNA Repair (Amst). 2008 Oct 1;7(10):1757-64. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2008.07.004. Epub 2008 Aug 20.

Expression of the TrkA or TrkB receptor tyrosine kinase alters the double-strand break (DSB) repair capacity of SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Author information

  • 1Division of Oncology, University Children's Hospital of Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, Essen, Germany.


In the childhood tumor neuroblastoma, high expression of the TrkA neurotrophin receptor is associated with a favorable prognosis and a lack of structural chromosomal changes, whereas TrkB is expressed in aggressive neuroblastomas demonstrating high genomic instability. The ability to repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is considered a central determinant of chromosomal stability with nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) being the major pathway of DSB repair in vertebrates. Here, we used the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line ectopically expressing either TrkA or TrkB as a model system to analyze the impact of Trk receptor expression on NHEJ-mediated DSB repair. In a cell-free NHEJ assay, SY5Y-TrkA cells displayed a significantly higher efficiency for NHEJ compared to SY5Y-TrkB cells. To detect possible underlying mechanisms, gene expression data (Affymetrix U95A microarray chips) obtained from the same SY5Y-TrkA/TrkB model system were reanalyzed focussing on genes involved in DNA repair. Expression of XRCC4, a central component of NHEJ, was significantly upregulated in SY5Y-TrkA compared to SY5Y-TrkB cells. Expression data were confirmed using real-time PCR and western blotting. Additionally, XRCC4 expression was enhanced in most primary neuroblastomas with high TrkA expression. The TrkA-induced increase in NHEJ activity could be reverted by XRCC4 knock-down, confirming the induction of XRCC4 by TrkA to be essential for the observed phenotype. Our data provide the first evidence for a functional relationship between tyrosine kinase receptor signaling and NHEJ-mediated DSB repair in cancer cells, potentially contributing to their genomic stability.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center