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Protein Expr Purif. 2009 Jan;63(1):5-11. doi: 10.1016/j.pep.2008.07.004. Epub 2008 Jul 19.

Functional expression in Bacillus subtilis of mammalian NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase and its spore-display.

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1
Systems Microbiology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), 111 Gwahangno, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The technology for over-expressing NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), a diflavin-containing enzyme, offers the opportunity to develop enzymatic systems for environmental detoxication and bioconversions of drugs, pesticides and fine chemicals. In this study, Bacillus subtilis was chosen to express rat CPR (rCPR) because of its capacities for high protein production and spore formation. rCPR was expressed in B. subtilis DB104 under the transcriptional control of an IPTG-inducible fusion promoter of P(groE) and P(tac). The expressed rCPR was released into the culture medium after sporulation by autolysis of the host cell. It was associated with and displayed on the spore surfaces; this was confirmed by measuring rCPR activity in purified spores and analyzing its accessibility to anti-rCPR antibodies using flow cytometry. The spore-displayed rCPR was able to reduce cytochrome c and ferricyanide, and also assisted in the O-deethylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin (EFC) by human cytochrome P450 1A2, indicating that it was functionally active. Spore surface display of rCPR in B. subtilis appears to be useful for preparing cytochrome P450-related enzymes, and spore biocatalysts of rCPR are likely to have wide biotechnological applications.

PMID:
18678259
DOI:
10.1016/j.pep.2008.07.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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