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J Reconstr Microsurg. 2008 Aug;24(6):391-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1082028. Epub 2008 Aug 1.

Evaluation of tissue oxygen measurements for flap monitoring in an animal model.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic Surgery and Treatment of Burns, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. ctbonde@gmail.com

Abstract

Tissue oxygen tension (p(ti)O(2)) measurements are common in neurosurgery but uncommon in plastic surgery. We examined this technique as a monitoring method with probe placement in the subcutaneous tissue and addressed the importance of probe placement. Myocutaneous flaps were raised in an animal model and p(ti)O(2) measurements performed at different levels in the subcutaneous fat. Flap artery and vein were occluded until a 50% p(ti)O(2) reduction had occurred (T(1/2)). We found no significant effect of depth (P>0.10) on the level of p(ti)O(2). T(1/2)(arterial) was 7.2 minutes and T(1/2)(venous) was 18 minutes. We found no significant relation between initial levels of p(ti)O(2) and T(1/2). Location of the probe and absolute p(ti)O(2) value is of little relevance for flap monitoring. It is the relative change in p(ti)O(2) that is important. The p(ti)O(2) technique is well suited for monitoring in the subcutaneous tissue and is highly sensitive to changes in both arterial and venous blood flow.

PMID:
18677682
DOI:
10.1055/s-0028-1082028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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