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Nucl Med Commun. 2008 Sep;29(9):786-90. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0b013e3283071307.

99mTc-MIBI imaging of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma in the lungs.

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  • 1Department of Radiography, Durban University of Technology, Congella, Durban.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) occurs in more than 10% of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and has a high mortality rate. Prompt detection, diagnosis, and treatment reduce patient morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of 99mTc-hexakis-2-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) imaging in detecting pulmonary AIDS-related KS.

METHODS:

99mTc-MIBI imaging was performed on 72 human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients with bronchoscopic diagnosis of pulmonary KS (36 patients), pneumonia (22), normal tracheo-bronchial tree (11), lymphoma (2), and bronchogenic carcinoma (1). Lung uptake and lymph node detection in KS were compared on planar and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans.

RESULTS:

The lung/myocardium ratios on the 1-h planar images were significantly higher in KS and normal lungs than opportunistic infection. Using the lung/myocardium ratio of 1 as cutoff, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the 1-h planar images for detecting pulmonary KS were 75, 57.58, and 66.67%, respectively. Abnormal lymph node uptake, pleural/pericardial effusions, and ascites were detected more readily on SPECT.

CONCLUSION:

Planar 99mTc-MIBI imaging has moderate sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detecting pulmonary KS. SPECT is more effective in detecting abnormal lymph nodes, pleural/pericardial effusions, and ascites. 99mTc-MIBI SPECT followed by planar imaging at 40-60 min can be useful in assessing pulmonary KS.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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