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Clin Immunol. 2008 Oct;129(1):69-79. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2008.06.002. Epub 2008 Aug 3.

Prophylactic and therapeutic suppression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by a novel bifunctional peptide inhibitor.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66049-3729, USA.

Abstract

The objective was to optimize and evaluate the in vivo activities of our novel bifunctional peptide inhibitor (BPI), which alters immune response in autoimmune diseases by modulating the immunological synapse formation. Previously, we have designed PLP-BPI and GAD-BPI by conjugating myelin proteolipid protein (PLP)(139-151) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)(208-217), respectively, with CD11a(237-246) via a spacer peptide. PLP-BPI and GAD-BPI suppressed the disease progression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and in type-1 diabetes, respectively. In this study, various PLP-BPI derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in the EAE model. Intravenous injections of PLP-BPI derivatives prevented the disease progression more efficiently than did unmodified PLP-BPI. Production of IL-17, a potent proinflammatory cytokine found commonly among MS patients, was significantly low in Ac-PLP-BPI-NH(2)-2-treated mice. Treatment given after the disease onset could dramatically ameliorate the disease. BPI induced anaphylactic responses at a lower incidence than PLP(139-151). In conclusion, PLP-BPI derivatives can effectively suppress the disease severity and morbidity of EAE by post-onset therapeutic treatment as well as prophylactic use.

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