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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2008 Aug;55(4):1025-50, xii. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2008.04.007.

Resuscitation education: narrowing the gap between evidence-based resuscitation guidelines and performance using best educational practices.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medicine Simulation Center, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.


Recent data from in- and out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrests reveal that health care teams frequently deviate from American Heart Association guidelines during resuscitation efforts. These discrepancies between the current state of evidence-based resuscitation guidelines and the quality of basic and advanced life support actually delivered represent a missed opportunity and provide a significant target for optimizing patient outcomes through improved educational effectiveness. This article presents discussion of the quality of resuscitation delivered to patients, a brief history of the development of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and attempts to translate the science of resuscitation to the bedside through effective educational strategies, a review of educational best practices that relate to resuscitation education, and discussion of the role of medical simulation in resuscitation training.

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