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Biosens Bioelectron. 2008 Dec 1;24(4):684-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2008.06.031. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

An ultrasensitive chemiluminescence biosensor for cholera toxin based on ganglioside-functionalized supported lipid membrane and liposome.

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State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China.


A novel chemiluminescence biosensor based on a supported lipid layer incorporated with ganglioside GM1 was developed for the detection of cholera toxin. The planar supported lipid membrane was prepared as biosensing interface via spontaneous spread of ganglioside-incorporated phospholipid vesicles on the octadecanethiol-coated gold surface. The specific interaction of multivalent CT by ganglioside GM1 molecules enables the biosensor to be implemented via a sandwiched format using a liposome probe functionalized with GM1 and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Then, the presence of the target CT could be determined via the HRP-catalyzed enhanced chemiluminescence reaction. The developed strategy offers several unique advantages over conventional biosensors in that it allows for an easy construction and renewal of the sensing interface, a small background signal due to low non-specific adsorption of serum constituents on the lipid membrane, and effective immobilization of multiple biocatalytic amplifiers and recognition components via common phospholipid reagents. The developed biosensor was shown to give chemiluminescence signal in linear correlation to CT concentration within the range from 1pgmL(-1) to 1ngmL(-1) with readily achievable detection limit of 0.8pgmL(-1).

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