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Ann Oncol. 2008 Nov;19(11):1882-7. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdn403. Epub 2008 Jul 31.

Biweekly fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel (FLOT) for patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or esophagogastric junction: a phase II trial of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie.

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Klinik für Onkologie und Hämatologie, Krankenhaus Nordwest, Frankfurt, Germany.



The combination of docetaxel (Taxotere), cisplatin, and fluorouracil improved efficacy in gastric cancer, but was associated with substantial toxicity. This study was designed to incorporate docetaxel into a tolerable biweekly (once every 2 weeks) oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy regimen.


Patients with measurable, metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or esophagogastric junction and no prior chemotherapy received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2), leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), and fluorouracil 2600 mg/m(2) as a 24-h infusion in combination with docetaxel 50 mg/m(2) (FLOT) on day 1 every 2 weeks. Prophylactic growth factors were not administered.


Fifty-nine patients were enrolled; 54 received treatment. Patients had a median age of 60 years (range 29-76) and most (93%) of them had metastatic disease. Objective responses were observed in 57.7% of patients with a median time to treatment response of 1.54 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were 5.2 and 11.1 months, respectively. Twenty-five percent of patients experienced prolonged (>12 months) PFS. Frequent (>10%) grade 3 or 4 toxic effects included neutropenia in 26 (48.1%), leukopenia in 15 (27.8%), diarrhea in 8 (14.8%), and fatigue in 6 (11.1%) patients. Complicated neutropenia was observed in two (3.8%) patients, only.


Biweekly FLOT is active and has a favorable safety profile.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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