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Heart. 2008 Dec;94(12):1534-40. doi: 10.1136/hrt.2007.141309. Epub 2008 Jul 31.

Incidence of acute rheumatic fever in the world: a systematic review of population-based studies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, J Floor Old Main Building, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. bongani.mayosi@uct.ac.za

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is no systematic overview of prospective studies of incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the world.

AIM:

To summarise all population-based studies of the incidence of ARF world wide.

METHOD:

A systematic review of prospective population-based studies of the overall mean and annual specific incidence of the first episode of ARF was carried out.

RESULTS:

A systematic literature search identified 10 eligible studies from 10 countries on all continents, except Africa. The overall mean incidence rate of first attack of ARF was 5-51/100,000 population (mean 19/100,000; 95% CI 9 to 30/100,000). A low incidence rate of <or=10/100,000 per year was found in America and Western Europe, while a higher incidence (>10/100,000) was documented in Eastern Europe, Middle East (highest), Asia and Australasia. Studies with longitudinal data displayed a falling incidence rate over time.

CONCLUSION:

Despite an apparent fall in incidence over time, ARF incidence rates remain relatively high in non-Western countries. No information is available for Africa.

PMID:
18669552
DOI:
10.1136/hrt.2007.141309
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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