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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):11026-31. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805496105. Epub 2008 Jul 30.

GDPD5 is a glycerophosphocholine phosphodiesterase that osmotically regulates the osmoprotective organic osmolyte GPC.

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Laboratory of Kidney and Electrolyte Metabolism, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20982, USA.


Glycerophosphocholine (GPC) is an abundant osmoprotective renal medullary organic osmolyte. We previously found that its synthesis from phosphatidylcholine is catalyzed by tonicity-regulated activity of the phospholipase B, neuropathy target esterase. We also found that its degradation is catalyzed by glycerophosphocholine phosphodiesterase (GPC-PDE) activity and that elevating osmolality from 300 to 500 mosmol/kg by adding NaCl or urea, inhibits GPC-PDE activity, which contributes to the resultant increase of GPC. In the present studies we identify GDPD5 (glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 5) as a GPC-PDE that is rapidly inhibited by high NaCl or urea. Recombinant GDPD5 colocalizes with neuropathy target esterase in the perinuclear region of HEK293 cells, and immuno-precipitated recombinant GDPD5 degrades GPC in vitro. The in vitro activity is reduced when the cells from which the GDPD5 is immuno-precipitated have been exposed to high NaCl or urea. In addition, high NaCl decreases mRNA abundance of GDPD5 via an increase of its degradation rate, although high urea does not. At 300 mosmol/kg siRNA knockdown of GDPD5 increases GPC in mouse inner medullary collecting duct-3 cells, and over expression of recombinant GDPD5 increases cellular GPC-PDE activity, accompanied by decreased GPC. We conclude that GDPD5 is a GPC-PDE that contributes to osmotic regulation of cellular GPC.

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