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Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova. 2008 Apr;94(4):394-405.

[Transmural gradients of oxygen tension on cerebral microvessels in rats].

[Article in Russian]


Using modified oxygen needle microelectrodes, vital microscopy with video-recording facilities, measurements of tissue oxygen tension (PO2) profiles near the cortical arterioles and transmural PO2 gradients on pial arterioles of the rat were performed. At control transmural PO2 gradient averaged 1.17 +/- 0.06 mm Hg/microm (mean +/- SEM, n = 40). Local dilatation of the arteriolar wall (microapplication of sodium nitroprusside approximately 2 x 10(-7) M) resulted in marked drop of the transmural PO2 gradient to 0.68 +/- 0.04 mm Hg/microm (p < 0.001, n = 38). The important finding of the study is the dependence of the transmural PO2 gradient on the vascular tone of pial arterioles. The data presented allow to conclude that O2 consumption of the arteriolar wall lies within the range for surrounding tissue and O2 consumption of the endothelial layer and, apparently, has no substantial impact on transmural PO2 gradient.

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