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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Aug;28(2):375-81. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21446.

Quantification of left ventricular internal flow from cardiac magnetic resonance images in patients with dyssynchronous heart failure.

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1
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. bfornwa@emory.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a method for quantifying left ventricular (LV) internal flow as a measure of dyssynchrony using standard cine cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

CMR images were obtained from 10 healthy controls and 10 patients with dyssynchronous heart failure (class III/IV, LV ejection fraction <35%, pattern seen in an electrocardiogram QRS duration > 150 msec). The LV volume was reconstructed and divided into 16 regions. Internal flow was defined as the sum of the regional volume changes minus the global volume change during each time step in the cardiac cycle. Internal flow fraction (IFF) was defined as the total internal flow as a percentage of stroke volume during systole (IFF(systole)), diastole (IFF(diastole)), or the whole cycle (IFF(whole)).

RESULTS:

IFF(whole) was significantly increased in the patients (9.9 +/- 5.0% vs. 1.5 +/- 0.5% in the controls, P < 0.001). An IFF(whole) threshold of 4% discriminated between patients and controls with 90% sensitivity and 100% specificity. IFF(diastole) (2.3 +/- 0.8%) was greater than IFF(systole) (0.8 +/- 0.5%) in the normal controls (P < 0.001) while the patients had similar IFF(diastole) (7.8 +/- 4.2%) and IFF(systole) (12.0 +/- 7.8%).

CONCLUSION:

Left ventricular internal flow fraction can be quantified from standard CMR images. In this preliminary study, Left ventricular internal flow fraction discriminated patients with dyssynchronous heart failure from normal controls with 95% accuracy.

PMID:
18666147
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.21446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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