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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Aug 6;100(15):1113-6. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djn205. Epub 2008 Jul 29.

Inhibition of tumor growth using salmonella expressing Fas ligand.

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Burnham Institute for Medical Research, 10901 North Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Intravenous administration of bacteria leads to their accumulation in tumors and to sporadic tumor regression. We therefore explored the hypothesis that Salmonella typhimurium engineered to express the proapoptotic cytokine Fas ligand (FasL) would exhibit enhanced antitumor activity. Immunocompetent mice carrying tumors derived from syngeneic murine D2F2 breast carcinoma or CT-26 colon carcinoma cells were treated intravenously with FasL-expressing S. typhimurium or with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; control). Treatment with FasL-expressing S. typhimurium inhibited growth of primary tumors by an average of 59% for D2F2 tumors and 82% for CT-26 tumors (eg, at 25 days after initial treatment, mean volume of PBS-treated CT-26 colon carcinomas = 1385 mm(3) and of S. typhimurium FasL-treated CT-26 tumors = 243 mm(3), difference = 1142 mm(3), 95% confidence interval = 800 mm(3) to 1484 mm(3), P < .001). Pulmonary D2F2 metastases (as measured by lung weight) were reduced by 34% in S. typhimurium FasL-treated mice compared with PBS-treated mice. FasL-expressing S. typhimurium had similar effects on growth of murine B16 melanoma tumors in wild-type mice but not in lpr/lpr mice, which lack Fas, or in mice with disrupted host inflammatory responses. Antitumor activity was achieved without overt toxicity. These preclinical results raise the possibility that using attenuated S. typhimurium to deliver FasL to tumors may be an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic strategy for some cancers.

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