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J Physiol Biochem. 2008 Mar;64(1):27-35.

Pro-antioxidant ratio in healthy men exposed to muscle-damaging resistance exercise.

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Department of Biochemistry and Sport Medicine, Faculty of Physical Culture Gorzow Wlkp., University of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland.


The purpose of this study was to compare the pro-antioxidant status in healthy men exposed to muscle-damaging resistance exercise, and to investigate the practical application of Loverro's coefficient (P/A ratio) to evaluate the presence of oxidative stress. Twenty-eight healthy men were assigned to two groups performed multi-joint (M) or single-joint (S) resistance exercise. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) as well as the concentration of lipid peroxidation products (TBARS) in blood were evaluated. The P/A ratio was calculated from the mean values of erythrocyte TBARS, SOD, CAT and GPx. Creatine kinase (CK) activity was used as a marker of muscle damage. The applied resistance exercises triggered off the changes in pro-antioxidant ratio towards peroxidation which was proved by significant increase in erythrocyte TBARS concentration in M (+25%) and S (+27%) groups. Plasma TBARS increased only after multi-joint resistance exercise and correlated with erythrocyte P/A ratio (r = 0.536, P < 0.01). The multi-joint exercise caused decrease in SOD activity by 28% whereas the single-joint resistance exercise elevated enzyme activity by 20%. Activities of the other antioxidant enzymes changed simultaneously i.e. CAT activity increased by 14%-16% immediately after exercise, and GPx activity declined by 18%-34% during recovery in M and S groups. Even though, all erythrocyte parameters significantly changed following multi-joint and single-joint resistance exercises, the assessment of pro-antioxidant ratio showed the considerable increase in P/A only in M group. In summary, an analysis of pro- and antioxidant parameters showed significant changes in response to muscle-damaging exercise and demonstrated the practical application of P/A ratio to evaluate the risk of oxidative stress in athletes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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