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Neth J Med. 2008 Jul-Aug;66(7):275-9.

Double balloon enteroscopy for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography after Roux-en-Y reconstruction: case series and review of the literature.

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Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.



Endoscopic access to the biliary system can be difficult in patients with surgically altered anatomy, such as a Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is a relatively new procedure that enables access to the small bowel. DBE has recently been advocated as a method for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) in patients with surgical reconstructions, with the potential to perform diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.


In three patients with a hepaticojejunostomy and Roux-en-Y reconstruction, the experiences using DBE to perform ERCP are described. The literature on DB-ERCP in patients with a Roux-en-Y reconstruction was reviewed.


In all patients, the Roux limb was entered and a diagnostic cholangiography was carried out. In one patient, endoscopic therapy could be performed, consisting of balloon dilation of a stenotic biliodigestive anastomosis, repeated balloon dilation of biliary strictures and removal of bile casts.


This series confirms recent data emerging from the literature that double balloon enteroscopy is a safe and feasible technique to obtain biliary access in patients with surgically altered anatomical configurations, such as those with a Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The diagnostic and therapeutic potential of DB-ERCP is great, and the utility of the procedure could be further improved if customised accessories become more widely available.

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