Send to

Choose Destination
Biophys J. 2008 Nov 1;95(9):4403-15. doi: 10.1529/biophysj.108.135863. Epub 2008 Jul 25.

Characterization of the control catabolite protein of gluconeogenic genes repressor by fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy and other biophysical approaches.

Author information

Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (UMR554), Centre de Biochimie Structurale, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (UMR5048), and Université Montpellier 1, F-34090 Montpellier, France.

Erratum in

  • Biophys J. 2009 Feb;96(3):1232.


Determination of the physical parameters underlying protein-DNA interactions is crucial for understanding the regulation of gene expression. In particular, knowledge of the stoichiometry of the complexes is a prerequisite to determining their energetics and functional molecular mechanisms. However, the experimental determination of protein-DNA complex stoichiometries remains challenging. We used fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) to investigate the interactions of the control catabolite protein of gluconeogenic genes, a key metabolic regulator in Gram-positive bacteria, with two oligonucleotides derived from its target operator sequences, gapB and pckA. According to our FCCS experiments, the stoichiometry of binding is twofold larger for the pckA target than for gapB. Correcting the FCCS data for protein self-association indicated that control catabolite protein of gluconeogenic genes forms dimeric complexes on the gapB target and tetrameric complexes on the pckA target. Analytical ultracentrifugation coupled with fluorescence anisotropy and hydrodynamic modeling allowed unambiguous confirmation of this result. The use of multiple complementary techniques to characterize these complexes should be employed wherever possible. However, there are cases in which analytical ultracentrifugation is precluded, due to protein stability, solubility, or availability, or, more obviously, when the studies are carried out in live cells. If information concerning the self-association of the protein is available, FCCS can be used for the direct and simultaneous determination of the affinity, cooperativity, and stoichiometry of protein-DNA complexes in a concentration range and conditions relevant to the regulation of these interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center