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J Biol Chem. 2008 Sep 19;283(38):26081-8. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M804184200. Epub 2008 Jul 24.

The type 2 inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor determines the sensitivity of InsP3-induced Ca2+ release to ATP in pancreatic acinar cells.

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Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


Calcium release through inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptors (InsP(3)R) is the primary signal driving digestive enzyme and fluid secretion from pancreatic acinar cells. The type 2 (InsP(3)R2) and type 3 (InsP(3)R3) InsP(3)R are the predominant isoforms expressed in acinar cells and are required for proper exocrine gland function. Both InsP(3)R2 and InsP(3)R3 are positively regulated by cytosolic ATP, but InsP(3)R2 is 10-fold more sensitive than InsP(3)R3 to this form of modulation. In this study, we examined the role of InsP(3)R2 in setting the sensitivity of InsP(3)-induced Ca(2+) release (IICR) to ATP in pancreatic acinar cells. IICR was measured in permeabilized acinar cells from wild-type (WT) and InsP(3)R2 knock-out (KO) mice. ATP augmented IICR from WT pancreatic cells with an EC(50) of 38 microm. However, the EC(50) was 10-fold higher in acinar cells isolated from InsP(3)R2-KO mice, indicating a role for InsP(3)R2 in setting the sensitivity of IICR to ATP. Consistent with this idea, heterologous expression of InsP(3)R2 in RinM5F cells, which natively express predominately InsP(3)R3, increased the sensitivity of IICR to ATP. Depletion of ATP attenuated agonist-induced Ca(2+) signaling in WT pancreatic acinar cells. This effect was more profound in acinar cells prepared from InsP(3)R2-KO mice. These data suggest that the sensitivity of IICR to ATP depletion is regulated by the particular complement of InsP(3)R expressed in an individual cell. The effects of metabolic stress on intracellular Ca(2+) signals can therefore be determined by the relative amount of InsP(3)R2 expressed in cells.

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