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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Oct 15;178(8):870-5. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200802-321OC. Epub 2008 Jul 24.

Determinants of regional cerebral oxygenation in children with sleep-disordered breathing.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

An association between neurocognitive deficits and pediatric sleep-disordered breathing has been suggested; however, weak correlations between disease severity and functional outcomes underscore the lack of knowledge regarding factors modulating cognitive morbidity of sleep-disordered breathing.

OBJECTIVES:

To identify the parameters affected by sleep-disordered breathing that modulate cerebral oxygenation, an important determinant of cognition. A further objective was to use these parameters with demographic data to develop a predictive statistical model of pediatric cerebral oxygenation.

METHODS:

Ninety-two children (14 control subjects, 32 with primary snoring, and 46 with obstructive sleep apnea) underwent polysomnography with continuous monitoring of cerebral oxygenation and blood pressure. Analysis of covariance was used to relate the blood pressure, sleep diagnostic parameters, and demographic characteristics to regional cerebral oxygenation.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

To account for anatomic variability, an index of cerebral oxygenation during sleep was derived by referencing the measurement obtained during sleep to that obtained during wakefulness. In a repeated measures model predicting the index of cerebral oxygenation, mean arterial pressure, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, female sex, age, and oxygen saturation had a positive effect on cerebral oxygenation levels, whereas arousal index and non-REM (NREM) sleep had a negative effect.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increasing mean arterial pressure, age, oxygen saturation, and REM sleep augment cerebral oxygenation, while sleep-disordered breathing, male sex, arousal index, and NREM sleep diminish it. The proposed model may explain the sources of variability in cognitive function of children with sleep-disordered breathing.

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PMID:
18658114
PMCID:
PMC2566795
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200802-321OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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