Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Midwifery. 2010 Apr;26(2):222-31. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2008.05.001. Epub 2008 Jul 26.

Effect of pre-pregnancy body size on postpartum weight retention.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Chang-Gung University, 259 Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Kwei-Shan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan. thuang@mail.cgu.edu.tw

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to understand postpartum weight retention among women of different body sizes at pre-pregnancy, and to explore factors influencing this weight retention.

DESIGN:

a comparative, descriptive study. Pre-pregnancy body mass indices (BMIs) were determined from hospital records. Dependent variables were measured by self-report questionnaires.

SETTING:

a 3,900-bed medical centre in northern Taiwan that delivers approximately 4,000 children each year.

PARTICIPANTS:

a systematic sample of 810 women who had delivered children at a medical centre. In total, 602 valid questionnaires were collected.

FINDINGS:

the average pre-pregnancy and six month postpartum BMIs were 21.5 [standard deviation (S.D.)=3.32] and 22.48 (S.D.=3.39), respectively. Overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) increased from 18.27% before pregnancy to 27.57% at six months postpartum. Gestational weight gain (GWG) was 14.36, 14.37, 13.07 and 11.15kg among women in the underweight (UW), normal weight (NW), OW and OB groups, respectively; and six month postpartum weight retention was 3.32, 2.57, 1.67 and -0.29kg. GWG was the most significant predictor of postpartum weight change across groups.

KEY CONCLUSIONS:

women with different body sizes at pre-pregnancy have common and specific risks for postpartum weight retention.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

individualised interventions should be developed to manage postpartum weight for women of different body sizes. Interventions should establish criteria for GWG and provide strategies to improve body image and modify lifestyle. The overall goal should be to manage postpartum weight gain and to promote women's health.

PMID:
18657887
DOI:
10.1016/j.midw.2008.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center