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Hum Pathol. 2008 Nov;39(11):1664-72. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2008.04.007. Epub 2008 Jul 24.

Translocation (18;22)(q21;q11) in B-cell lymphomas: a report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

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Department of Hematopathology, The University of Texas, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Follicular lymphomas characteristically carry t(14;18)(q32;q21) which results in IGH-BCL-2 fusion. Variant translocations that juxtapose the BCL-2 gene with the immunoglobulin kappa (2p11) and lambda (22q11) light chain genes are rare. We report 4 cases of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia associated with t(18;22)(q21;q11). The t(18;22)(q21;q11) was the sole aberration identified by conventional cytogenetics in 2 cases. Three cases were classified as chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and one as follicular lymphoma based on morphology and immunophenotype. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed on all 4 cases using a BCL-2 breakapart probe. The BCL-2 gene was rearranged in all cases. Immunoglobulin lambda light chain gene rearrangement was shown in 3 cases using bacterial artificial chromosome probes spanning the variable and constant clusters of the IGlambda gene. Each case was negative for MALT-1 rearrangement using a MALT-1 breakapart probe. These cases illustrate that t(18;22)(q21;q11) is more commonly observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and may represent either an initial or secondary genetic event.

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